ⓘ Chrysler minivans. The Chrysler minivans are a series of minivans that have been produced and marketed by the American automaker Chrysler. In production since t ..

                                     

ⓘ Chrysler minivans

The Chrysler minivans are a series of minivans that have been produced and marketed by the American automaker Chrysler. In production since the 1984 model year, Chrysler has produced six distinct generations of minivans; at various stages of their production, Chrysler minivans have been marketed worldwide, primarily in North America and Europe.

Initially introduced as the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager, the Chrysler minivans have been marketed under a variety of nameplates under Chrysler, Plymouth, Dodge, and Ram brands; through the use of rebadging, Chrysler minivans have also been marketed under the Lancia and Volkswagen brands.

The Chrysler minivans are the highest-selling example of the segment, with over 12 million produced up to 2008 and a grand total of 15 million reached in 2019.

The introduction of the Chrysler minivans popularized the use of the body style by automakers in the United States and Canada, leading to competitors such as the Chevrolet Astro/GMC Safari, Ford Aerostar, Toyota Previa, and Mazda MPV. During the 1990s, the popularity of the Chrysler minivans led to the form factor becoming closely followed by many competitors, leading to the Ford Windstar/Freestar, Honda Odyssey, Toyota Sienna, Kia Sedona, and Nissan Quest.

Since their 1984 introduction, Chrysler has manufactured minivans at Windsor Assembly, in Windsor, Ontario, Canada; from 1987 to 2007, Saint Louis Assembly in Fenton, Missouri added additional manufacturing in North America. For the European market, exports were largely supplemented by the Eurostar joint-venture factory in Graz, Austria from 1992 to 2002.

                                     

1. First generation 1984–1990

The S platform was not a modified variant of the Chrysler K platform, although the engines and transmissions used the K-car running gear. The van was a unique platform designed for the vehicle, and was used for the Dodge Caravan, Chrysler Town & Country and Plymouth Voyager. Chrysler manufactured the Generation I minivans, internally codenamed T-115 during development from October 1983 until 1990.

Models include:

  • 1984–1990 Dodge Caravan
  • 1987–1990 Dodge Grand Caravan
  • 1984–1990 Plymouth Voyager
  • 1989–1990 Dodge Caravan C/V
  • 1984–1988 Dodge Mini Ram Van
  • 1987–1990 Plymouth Grand Voyager
  • 1988–1990 Chrysler Voyager Europe
  • 1990 Chrysler Town & Country
                                     

2. Second generation 1991–1995

Developed from 1985 to 1989, Generation II was introduced in 1990 and called AS. Design specifications were chosen in 1987 and were evolutionary. This was the last K-based version of the S platform, as the NS platform switched to a new cab forward design.

Models:

  • 1993–1995 Chrysler TEVan limited production electric vehicle
  • 1991–1995 Chrysler Town & Country
  • 1991–1995 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan
  • 1991–1995 Plymouth Voyager/Grand Voyager
  • 1991–1995 Chrysler Grand Voyager/Caravan Mexico

ES

The ES platform is the European counterpart to the North American AS platform.

Models:

  • 1991–1995 Chrysler Voyager/Grand Voyager Europe
  • 1991–1995 Dodge Mini Ram Van Netherlands
                                     

3. Third generation 1996–2000

Generation III of the platform was developed from early 1990 to December 26, 1994, being introduced on January 4, 1995 and called NS. Its cab forward design was defined by September 23, 1991 and inspired by the 1992 Chrysler EPIC concept minivan, designed in-house by Julie Dolan in mid-1991. Final exterior designs were development program approved in May 1992 and frozen for scheduled late 1994 production that same month. The first NS prototypes were built in November 1992 and presented on November 24, 1992 to Chrysler executive management. The 1992 "Reinventing Chrysler" documentary, provided footage of the NS design process in the spring of 1992.

Models:

  • 1999–2000 Dodge Caravan EPIC limited production electric vehicle
  • 2000 Chrysler Voyager/Grand Voyager
  • 1996–2000 Chrysler Town & Country
  • 1996–2000 Plymouth Voyager/Grand Voyager
  • 1996–2000 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan


                                     

3.1. Third generation 1996–2000 GS

The Chrysler GS platform is the global export counterpart to the North American Chrysler NS platform.

Model:

  • 1996–2000 Dodge Ram Van Netherlands, cargo van
  • 1996–2000 Chrysler Grand Voyager
  • 1996–2000 Chrysler Voyager
                                     

4. Fourth generation 2001–2007

Generation IV of the platform was introduced on January 10, 2000 and was called RS.

Models:

  • 2001–2007 Chrysler Town & Country
  • 2001–2007 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan
  • 2001–2003 Chrysler Voyager
  • 2001–2007 Chrysler Voyager/Grand Voyager Mexico

CS

The CS is a variant of the RS platform made specifically for the Chrysler Pacifica crossover SUV.

Model:

  • 2004–2008 Chrysler Pacifica

RG

The Chrysler RG platform is the global export counterpart to the North American Chrysler RS platform.

Model:

  • 2001–2007 Chrysler Voyager/Grand Voyager
  • 2001–2007 Dodge/Chrysler Ram Van Netherlands, cargo van
                                     

5. Fifth generation 2008–2020

The fifth-generation Chrysler minivans were introduced at the 2007 North American International Auto Show for the 2008 model year, marking the debut of the RT platform. In a major change, the short-wheelbase configuration was dropped, alongside the Chrysler Town & Country, all Dodge minivans were now Grand Caravans. The export-market Chrysler Grand Voyager made its return; following the acquisition of Chrysler by Fiat, the model line was also marketed as a Lancia Voyager outside North America.

The first Chrysler minivans to be powered exclusively by V6 engines in North America, the RT platform marked the introduction of a 4.0 L SOHC V6 and a 6-speed automatic transmission. For 2011, the 3.6 L Pentastar V6 replaced all three V6 engines, remaining the sole V6 engine through current production. In Europe, the Voyager was powered by a 2.8 L VM Motori inline-4 turbodiesel; for the first time, no manual transmission was offered.

For 2012, the Grand Caravan C/V cargo van shifted its branding, becoming the Ram C/V. In 2015, Ram replaced the C/V with the Ram ProMaster City a rebadged Fiat Doblo.

Models:

  • 2012–2014 Ram C/V replaced by Ram ProMaster City
  • 2011–2015 Lancia Voyager
  • 2008–2010 Chrysler Grand Voyager
  • 2008–2016 Chrysler Town & Country
  • 2008–2020 Dodge Grand Caravan


                                     

5.1. Fifth generation 2008–2020 RM

The Volkswagen Routan was introduced at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show as a rebadged variant of the Chrysler minivans, manufactured at Windsor Assembly using the RT platform, designated as the RM platform. Marketed by Volkswagen exclusively in the North American market, the Routan featured revised interior and exterior styling as well as different equipment content from the Chrysler vans. Production of the Routan was discontinued in 2013.

Model:

  • 2009–2014 Volkswagen Routan
                                     

5.2. Fifth generation 2008–2020 Discontinuation

On February 28, 2020, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles announced the discontinuation of the Dodge Grand Caravan, the last RT nameplate in production; production of the minivan will conclude in late May.

                                     

6. Sixth generation 2017–present

The sixth generation of the Chrysler minivan was introduced at the 2016 North American International Auto Show, as Chrysler released the 2017 Chrysler Pacifica. Serving as a replacement for the Town & Country, the Pacifica revived the nameplate of the 2004-2008 Town & Country-derived CUV. For the first time since their 1984 introduction, Chrysler markets a different minivan than Dodge, with the latter division retaining the previous-generation Grand Caravan; the export-market Chrysler/Lancia Voyager were discontinued.

Sharing the CUSW Fiat D-Evo platform with the Chrysler 200, the Pacifica is the first minivan sold in North America sold with a 9-speed automatic transmission; a CVT is part of the first plug-in hybrid powertrain in a minivan, offered as an option.

For the 2020 model year, Chrysler reintroduced the Voyager nameplate last seen in 2003 for the United States. Adopting the lower two trim levels of the Pacifica, the Voyager also introduces a trim level specifically for fleet sale.

Models:

  • 2017–present Chrysler Pacifica/Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid
  • 2020–present Chrysler Voyager
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