ⓘ Haddebo Bruk is a Swedish ironworks estate from the 17th century, situated in the village of Haddebo in the southern part of Narke. To the estate belonged two m ..


ⓘ Haddebo Bruk

Haddebo Bruk is a Swedish ironworks estate from the 17th century, situated in the village of Haddebo in the southern part of Narke. To the estate belonged two manor houses, the "lower Haddebo" and the "upper Haddebo". Both of the original manor houses are gone, however a replica of the upper Haddebo Manor has been rebuilt according to the original renderings preserved in the Nordic Museum, during the 1990s.


1. History

Haddebo was first mentioned as "Haddeboda" in a "tiondelangd" a Swedish historical listing of farming estates in 1555, and in a tax document from 1592. The first map of the region was published in 1637, shortly after which, in 1658 Jacob Classon from Norrkoping received rights to start an iron works at Haddebo. Upon Classons death in 1666, the estate was sold to Mathias Schilt, who after a few years sold Haddebo to the freeman Peder Andersson Wester. Wester had great ambitions for the estate and managed to greatly expand Haddebos lands as well as production output. In the late 17th century he had the manor house "Lower Haddebo" built.

Wester died at the end of the 17th century, which resulted in a split of the estate into Lower and Upper Haddebo when the inheritance was settled in 1703. The estate of Upper Haddebo built a manor house in the typically Swedish "karoliner" style in the early 18th century.The estates at Haddebo were very productive, producing energy by damming up the surrounding lakes, and producing cast iron. Both the estates stayed in the Wester family for well over a century until the widow of Arvid Wester, sold Lower Haddebo in 1821, and Upper Haddebo in 1826.

During the 19th century, the estates frequently changed hands, and belonged to the families Broms and Floor. Lower Haddebo was in 1862 acquired by Per Fredrik Brandelius, a wealthy brewer from Stockholm. Brandelius also owned Lemnå Bruk, and went on to found Orebro Enskilda Bank Orebro Private Bank in the nearby city of Orebro. Furthermore, Brandelius was the great grandfather of the Swedish diplomat and author Jan Mårtenson.

Both of the estates in Haddebo were acquired by the Swedish state in 1900 and 1902, and became official royal hunting grounds. King Gustaf V of Sweden was very fond of hunting Moose at Haddebo and visited the estate almost every year. To this day the forests which surround Haddebo remain royal hunting grounds, and Prince Carl Philip, shot his first Moose on the grounds in 2002.

The buildings at Haddebo suffered greatly during state ownership and both the Manor Houses of Upper and Lower Haddebo perished, Upper Haddebo in a fire 1938 and Lower Haddebo was demolished by the state in 1941. The forestry continued, and so did the electricity production in the dams up until 1965. In the 1970s and 80s the estate faced further decline, up until 1989 when it was acquired by the Hemberg family.

Drs Per and Elisabeth Hemberg acquired Haddebo in 1989, and began a major restoration project. The original renderings of Upper Haddebo could be recovered from the Nordic Museum, and at the place of Lower Haddebo a copy of the manor house of Upper Haddebo was built. Old material, such as timber, windows and doors from several other 18th century timber houses, which were to be demolished, were used for the project. The house was built with techniques used when the original house was constructed to create an image as accurate as possible of the original manor house. The estate remains in the Hemberg family as a private residence.

In 2012, Dr Per Hemberg published a book, "Boken om Haddebo" The book about Haddebo, an enthralling story of how the estate has been rebuilt bit by bit, and while incorporating the most modern technologies, using recycled materials and ancient techniques to stay true to the harmony and feel of an 18th century Swedish karoliner estate.

In addition to forestry and farming, the estate features a notable stud "Haddebo Seminstation" since 2003, led by Dr Elisabeth Hemberg.


2. The village of Haddebo

Surrounding the estate is the small village of Haddebo, which is the home of the notable Swedish author Torbjorn Safve. The village also features a botanical garden "Haddebo Gardesgård och Blommor", and a B&B "Vita Kralan".

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