ⓘ RBU-6000. The RBU-6000 Smerch-2 is a 213 mm caliber Soviet anti-submarine rocket launcher. It is similar in principle to the Royal Navy Hedgehog system used dur ..

                                     

ⓘ RBU-6000

The RBU-6000 Smerch-2 is a 213 mm caliber Soviet anti-submarine rocket launcher. It is similar in principle to the Royal Navy Hedgehog system used during the Second World War. The system entered service in 1960-61 and is fitted to a wide range of Russian surface vessels. It consists of a horseshoe shaped arrangement of twelve launch barrels, that are remotely directed by the Burya fire control system. It fires RGB-60 unguided depth charges. The rockets are normally fired in salvos of 1, 2, 4, 8 or 12 rounds. Reloading is automatic, with individual rounds being fed into the launcher by the 60UP loading system from a below deck magazine. Typical magazine capacity is either 72 or 96 rounds per launcher. It can also be used as a shore bombardment system.

The RPK-8 system is an upgrade of the RBU-6000 system, firing the 90R rocket, which is actively guided in the water. This allows it to home in on targets at depths of up to 1.000 meters. The warhead is a 19.5 kg shaped charge, which enables it to punch through the hulls of submarines. It can also be used against divers and torpedoes. System response time is reported to be 15 seconds and a single-salvo has a kill probability of 0.8. RPK-8 entered service in 1991 and mounted on Project 1154 and 11356 frigates. Serial production of the upgraded 90R1 rocket was launched in 2017.

RBU-6000 were the most widespread anti-submarine rocket launchers in the Soviet Navy, used on many ship classes.

                                     

1. RGB-60 projectile

  • Diameter: 0.212 m
  • Weight: 113.5 kg
  • Range: Ballistic 1 - 350 m to 1700 m, Ballistic 2 - 1500 m to 5500 m
  • Sink rate: 11.6m/s
  • Depth: 10 to 500 m
  • Warhead: 23 kg
  • Length: 1.83 m
                                     

2. 90R projectile

  • Depth range
  • Length: 1.83 m
  • Submarines: 0 to 1.000 m
  • Warhead: 19.5 kg
  • Torpedoes and divers: 4–10 m
  • Weight: 112.5 kg
  • Effective radius: 130 m
  • Diameter: 0.212 m
  • Range: 600 m to 4.300 m
                                     

3. Ships

Ship classes fitted with RBU-6000 list not complete

  • Kynda class cruiser Project 58
  • Grisha I/III/IV/V class corvette Project 1124.1/1124M/1124K/1124ME
  • Kara class cruiser Project 1134B
  • Kirov class battlecruiser Project 1144/11442
  • Neustrashimy class frigate Project 1154
  • Soviet Navy Russian Navy
  • Mirka class frigate Project 35/35M
  • Parchim II class corvette Project 133.1M
  • Petya II/III frigate Project 159A/159AE
  • Slava class cruiser Project 1164
  • Moskva class helicopter carrier Project 1123
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159
  • Kresta II class cruiser Project 1134A
  • Kresta I class cruiser Project 1134
  • Kiev class aircraft carrier Project 1143/1143M
  • Poti class corvette Project 204
  • Kotlin-SAM class destroyer Project 56K/56A/56AE
  • Kashin class destroyer Project 61/61M/61MP
  • Gepard class frigate Project 11661
  • Kanin class destroyer Project 57A
  • /Burevestnik M class frigate Project 1135/1135M
  • Udaloy class destroyer Project 1155
  • Grisha II/V class corvette Project 1124P/1124ME
  • Soviet border Guard Russian Border Guard
  • Nerei class frigate Project 11351
  • Grisha II/V class corvette Project 1124P/1124ME
  • Petya II frigate Project 159A
  • Ukrainian Navy
  • Nerei class frigate Project 11351
  • Kotlin-SAM class destroyer Project 56AE
  • ORP Kaszub corvette Project 620
  • Kashin class destroyer Project 61MP
  • Polish Navy
  • Rear-Admiral Eustatiu Sebastian class frigate
  • Marasesti frigate
  • Romanian Naval Forces
  • Poti class corvette Project 204
  • Bulgarian Navy
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159
  • Grisha III class corvetteProject 1124M
  • Lithuanian Naval Force
  • Azerbaijani Navy
  • Petya II frigate Project 159A
  • Kotor class frigate Project 1159
  • Yugoslav Navy of Serbia and Montenegro Montenegrin Navy
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159
  • Parchim I class corvette Project 133
  • Volksmarine
  • Delhi class destroyer Project 15
  • Indian Navy
  • Kolkata class destroyer Project 15A
  • Visakhapatnam-class destroyer Project 15B
  • Rajput class destroyer Project 61ME
  • Talwar class frigate Project 11356
  • Shivalik class frigate Project 17
  • Kamorta-class corvette Project 28
  • Petya II/III frigate Project 159A/159AE
  • Vietnam Peoples Navy
  • Gepard 3.9 frigate Project 11661E Gepard 3.9.
  • Parchim I class corvette Project 133
  • Indonesian Navy
  • Libyan Navy
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159TP
  • Petya III frigate Project 159AE
  • Syrian Arab Navy
  • Algerian National Navy
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159T
  • Ethiopian Navy
  • Petya II frigate Project 159A
  • Koni class frigate Project 1159T
  • Cuban Revolutionary Navy
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