ⓘ Rexed laminae. The Rexed laminae comprise a system of ten layers of grey matter, identified in the early 1950s by Bror Rexed to label portions of the grey colum ..

                                     

ⓘ Rexed laminae

The Rexed laminae comprise a system of ten layers of grey matter, identified in the early 1950s by Bror Rexed to label portions of the grey columns of the spinal cord.

Similar to Brodmann areas, they are defined by their cellular structure rather than by their location, but the location still remains reasonably consistent.

                                     

1. Laminae

  • Lamina VI: Base of the dorsal horn. No nociceptive input occurs here, instead this lamina receives input from large-diameter fibres innervating muscles and joints and from muscle spindles which are sensitive to innocuous joint movement and muscle stretch to feed forward this information to the cerebellum where it can modulate muscle tone accordingly.
  • Lamina I: marginal nucleus of spinal cord or posteromarginal nucleus
  • Lamina II: substantia gelatinosa of Rolando
  • Lamina V: Neck of the dorsal horn. Neurons within lamina V are mainly involved in processing sensory afferent stimuli from cutaneous, muscle and joint mechanical nociceptors as well as visceral nociceptors. This layer is home to wide dynamic range tract neurons, interneurons and propriospinal neurons. Viscerosomatic pain signal convergence often occurs in this lamina due to the presence of wide dynamic range tract neurons resulting in pain referral.
  • Posterior grey column: I–VI
  • Laminae III and IV: nucleus proprius
  • Lateral grey column: VII and X
  • Lamina VII: intermediomedial nucleus, intermediolateral nucleus, posterior thoracic nucleus in the thoracic and upper lumbar region
  • Lamina X: an area of grey matter surrounding the central canal.
  • Anterior grey column: VIII–IX
  • Lamina IX: hypaxial body wall muscles, lateral in limb regions and medial back muscles motor neurons, also phrenic and spinal accessory nuclei at cervical levels, and Onufs nucleus in the sacral region
  • Lamina VIII: motor interneurons; Commissural nucleus
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