ⓘ Punjab Northern State Railway
The route of what became the Punjab Northern State Railway, was first surveyed in 1857. Years of political and military debate followed as described under the "Lahore & Peshawar Railway". The Punjab Northern State Railway was created in 1870-71 to construct and operate the railway between Lahore and Peshawar. The first section of the line was opened in 1876 from Lahore to Peshawar and in 1883 the Attock Bridge over the Indus River was completed. Francis Joseph Edward Spring was deployed from the Imperial Civil Services engineering section in 1873 as consulting engineer for the survey of the PNSR and the construction of various parts of that railway and bridges. He remained attached to the PNSR until 1878. Several major bridges required construction to complete the PNSR line between from Lahore and Peshawar:
- Alexandra Bridge, over the Chenab River between Wazirabad and Gujrat. Construction began in 1871 by Francis Joseph Edward Spring and opened in 1876 by King Edward VII.
- Attock Bridge, over in Indus River. Construction began in 1880 by Francis Langford OCallaghan and completed 1883.
- Ravi Bridge, over the Ravi River situated between Sadiqpura, Lahore and Shahdara Bagh. Construction began in 1871 by rancis Joseph Edward Spring and completed in 1876.
- Jhelum Bridge, over the Jhelum River at Jhelum. Construction began in 1871 by William St. John Galwey and opened in 1873.
Along with several other railways, the Punjab Northern State Railway was merged with the Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railway in 1886 to form the North Western State Railway.
The following from the railway branch of the public works department were deployed to the PNSR:
- Horace Bell: 1874, executive engineer during construction
- Richard Arthur Sargeaunt: 1884–87, PNSR office manager.
- Hugh Lewin Monk: 1870–73, assistant engineer
- Ernest Lindsay Marryat: 1880–86, PNSR manager.
- Joseph Bonus: 1877–81, superintending engineer and engineer-in-chief for the construction from Rawalpindi-Peshawar section
- Thomas Gracey Col. R.E.: 1879, engineer-in-chief of the Rawalpindi-Kohat section
- Robert Trefusis Mallet: 1868, executive engineer
- Henry Thomas Geoghegan: 1868, executive engineer
- Frederick Lewis Dibblee: 1879–80, PNSR engineer-in-chief Jhelum division and later superintending engineer of Rawalpindi section
- James Condor: 1875, executive engineer
- Henry Francis Storey: 1868–78, employed on the construction of the Alexandra Bridge over the Chenab river
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