ⓘ Human rights abuses in Sindh, Pakistan are isolated issues, ranging from arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances to torture, extra-judicial killings and poli ..


ⓘ Human rights abuses in Sindh

Human rights abuses in Sindh, Pakistan are isolated issues, ranging from arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances to torture, extra-judicial killings and political repression.


1. History

History of human rights abuses in Sindh dates back to 712 A.D Arab invasion on Sindhu Kingdom that was the third attempt of Muhammad Bin Qasim, before him many other attempts of invasion were carried out but the valored people of Indus defeated them and saved the homeland from the vicious intentions of Arabs, which had attacked Sindh in 712 A.D tried to capture Sindh having intentional greed to expand their Imperialism in Indian Subcontinent which was considered a Golden Sparrow for invaders. After the capture of Sindh in 712 thousands of children, defending men and old people were massacred along with the children, captive young women were trafficked to Baghdad and were sold as sex slaves by arab invaders. mass forced conversion to Islam and mass enslavement were carried out during the period of Arab rule in Sindh, people who did accepted conversion were brutally massacred.


2. Political persecution

According to the 1994 Human Rights in Developing Countries Yearbook, there have been many cases of political persecution in Sindh. Much of the persecution is linked to Sindhs provincial government, and is undertaken by Karachis Crime Investigation Agency CIA. Many human rights abuses were committed under the tenure of Chief Minister Jam Sadiq Ali, who took office from August 6, 1990 to March 5, 1992. Under his tenure, Sindhi independence leader GM Syed was placed under house arrest until his death; however Jam Sadiqs death in 1992 did not cause these acts to cease. Following his death, his seat was contested between his son, Jam Ashiq Ali and a Pakistan Peoples Party member, Shahanawaz Junejo. Alis supporters undertook intimidation of PPP activists and Shahanawaz Junejo, as well as 200 other opposition activists who were detained.

In March 2005, vice-chairman of the Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz JSMM Samiullah Kalhoro died in a hospital of Karachi. The JSMM chief Shafi Burfat alleged that Kalhoro died after his kidney failed as a result of torture in police custody. He added that the JSMM was being punished for pursuing the ideology of G. M. Syed. JSMM has published advertisements in Sindhi newspapers criticising law enforcement agencies.

In November 2010, police allegedly picked up Ali Madad Burfat, an activist of the Jeay Sindh Students Federation, and his friend, both of whom were students of the Sindh University at the time.

On 21 April 2011, unidentified armed men shot dead three leaders of the Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz JSMM including senior Vice-Chairman Serai Qurban Khuhawar, Rooplo Cholyani and Noorullah Tunio at Bakhoro Mori area in Sanghar district. The JSMM alleged that the personnel of law enforcement agencies were involved in Bakhoro Mori incident. Human Rights Commission of Pakistan published a report on Bakhoro Mori incident and urged that "Agencies’ role in JSMM activists’ murder must be probed". In April 2011, JSMM member Ijaz Solangis dead body was found in Dadu after he held a press conference against security agencies. In October 2011, Asian Human Rights Commission issued an appeal on information it had received that the Sindh University authorities allegedly used law enforcement agencies for disappearances of students in Sindh province.

In a 2012 statement issued by Asian Human Rights Commission, it said that: "In Sindh province more than 100 nationalists were abducted and disappeared after 9/11, many were extra judicially killed and their tortured and bullet riddled bodies were dumped on the streets." It further added that: "Alone, from JSMM 13 people are still missing. Its former leader, Mr. Muzzafar Bhutto was two times abducted and kept in military torture cells where he succumbed to his injuries during the second time detention." Mumtaz Bhutto another activist of JSMM and brother of Muzaffar Bhutto, killed on 1 July 2009 in a bomb blast at Thermal Power house colony Jamshoro, JSMM alleged that security agencies were involved in bomb blast.

In 2011, Congressman Dan Burton and Brad Sherman, in their letters to Pakistans President Asif Ali Zardari, urged him to take steps to end the practice of enforced disappearance in Pakistan. When brought to his attention, Noam Chomsky showed concern on enforced disappearances in Sindh and Balochistan. In September 2012, a delegation of United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, visited Pakistan for the first time at the invitation of the Pakistani government.

In May 2018, the families of disappeared political activists staged a hunger strike in protest of their family members and in turn were attacked by security forces. The assault was almost immediately condemned by congressman Sherman.


2.1. Political persecution Abductions

Well known activist in the Sindhi nationalist movement Dr. Safdar Sarki was one of the many disappeared during the period of President Pervez Musharrafs rule. The campaign to "find" him and get him released included Amnesty International, who called for his release.

Bashir Arisar a nationalist leader was abducted in September 2011 from kotri.

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