ⓘ 39th Flying Training Squadron. The 39th Flying Training Squadron is part of the 340th Flying Training Group and is the reserve associate to the 12th Flying Trai ..

                                     

ⓘ 39th Flying Training Squadron

The 39th Flying Training Squadron is part of the 340th Flying Training Group and is the reserve associate to the 12th Flying Training Wing based at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.

The squadron was first activated as the 39th Pursuit Squadron in the buildup of the United States Army Air Corps in response to the War in Europe. It moved to the Pacific Coast in response to the attack on Pearl Harbor and briefly flew antisubmarine patrols before deploying to the Southwest Pacific Theater, earning two Distinguished Unit Citations DUCs and a Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its actions during the war.

The squadron remained in the Far East and as the 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was part of the air defenses of Japan when North Korea invaded South Korea. The 39th earned two more DUCs and a Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation during combat in Korea. Following the 1953 truce, the squadron returned to Japan, serving as an air defense unit until inactivating in December 1957.

The squadron was activated as the 39th Tactical Reconnaissance Training Squadron in 1969 when Tactical Air Command replaced its Command controlled 4 digit units with Air Force controlled units. It trained Douglas B-66 Destroyer aircrews until inactivating in 1974.

The squadron has been a flying training unit since 1990, except for a brief stint as a test squadron.

                                     

1.1. History World War II

Activated by Northeast Air District later First Air Force as the 39th Pursuit Squadron, a Curtiss P-40 Warhawk pursuit squadron, at Selfridge Field, Michigan, where it was one of a number of units drawing its cadre from the 1st Pursuit Group, stationed there. The squadron moved to Baer Field, Indiana the say before the attack on Pearl Harbor, but was soon rushed to Bellingham Army Air Field, where it flew antisubmarine patrols off the coast of Washington until the middle of January 1942, when it was reassigned from the 31st Pursuit Group to the 35th Pursuit Group, which was preparing for deployment to Australia.

Re-equipped with long-range Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and deployed to Fifth Air Force in Australia, June 1942. Engaged in combat operations against the Japanese in the Lightning, but became the second Pacific Theater fighter group to convert to the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt in late 1943. Conducted combat operations in the Thunderbolt from late 1943 through Spring 1945. Participated in offensives in the Netherlands East Indies, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Philippines and the Battle of Okinawa.

                                     

1.2. History Far East Air Forces

Re-equipped with North American P-51 Mustangs and moved to Japan as part of the army of occupation, September 1945, remaining as part of the Far East Air Forces air defense mission throughout the postwar era. Engaged in combat, June 1950, during the initial actions of the Korean War. Re-equipped with Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star jets, fighting air-to-air combat against communist aircraft and engaging in ground support missions supporting United Nations Forces, 1950–1953. Returned to Japan after the 1953 armistice and upgraded to the purpose-built Lockheed F-94 Starfire interceptor flying air defense missions.

The squadron moved to Johnson Air Base on 20 July 1954 and established temporary air defense detachments on the same day at Komaki Air Base, Japan to 4 August 1954 and at Misawa Air Base, Japan to 27 August 1954. The squadron was inactivated in December 1957.

                                     

1.3. History Tactical Air Command

Reactivated by Tactical Air Command in 1969 at Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, assuming the personnel and equipment of the 4417th Combat Crew Training Squadron. Equipped with reconnaissance and electronic warfare versions of the Douglas B-66 Destroyer and trained tactical reconnaissance and electronic warfare crews from, 1969–1974 when the B-66 was retired. Moved to George Air Force Base, California and equipped with McDonnell F-4E Phantom IIs. Trained Wild Weasel aircrews in surface to air missile suppression tactics from, 1977–1984. Inactivated when the F-4 was retired.

Reactivated by Air Training Command as an undergraduate pilot training squadron with Northrop T-38 Talons, 1990–1991. Transferred to Air Force Material Command, 1993 as a flight test squadron on various weapons systems from 1993 to 1999, then went back to Air Education and Training Command providing flying training from 2001 onwards.

                                     

2. Lineage

  • Constituted as the 39th Pursuit Squadron Interceptor on 22 December 1939
Activated on 1 February 1940 Redesignated 39th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942 Redesignated 39th Fighter Squadron Twin Engine on 27 October 1942 Redesignated 39th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 19 February 1944 Redesignated 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 January 1950 Inactivated on 8 December 1957
  • Redesignated 39th Tactical Reconnaissance Training Squadron on 18 August 1969
Organized on 15 October 1969 Redesignated 39th Tactical Electronic Warfare Training Squadron on 15 February 1970 Inactivated on 15 March 1974
  • Redesignated 39th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron on 1 June 1977
Activated on 1 July 1977 Redesignated 39th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 9 October 1980 Inactivated on 11 May 1984
  • Redesignated 39th Flying Training Squadron on 9 February 1990
Activated on 2 April 1990 Inactivated on 15 December 1991
  • Redesignated 39th Test Squadron on 31 August 1993
Activated on 8 September 1993 Redesignated 39th Flight Test Squadron on 15 March 1994 Inactivated on 1 September 1999
  • Redesignated 39th Flying Training Squadron on 30 September 1999
Activated in the reserve on 2 April 2001


                                     

2.1. Lineage Assignments

  • 340th Flying Training Group, 2 April 2001 – present
  • 31st Pursuit Group, 1 February 1940
  • 41st Air Division, 1 October–8 December 1957
  • 35th Pursuit Group later 35th Fighter Group, 35th Fighter-Interceptor Group, 15 January 1942
  • 47th Flying Training Wing, 2 April 1990 – 15 December 1991
  • 46th Operations Group, 8 September 1993 – 1 September 1999
  • 35th Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 July 1977 – 11 May 1984
  • 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, 15 October 1969 – 15 March 1974 attached to 36th Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 April 1969 – 31 December 1971
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