ⓘ 5-guanidino-2-oxopentanoate decarboxylase. In enzymology, a 5-guanidino-2-oxopentanoate decarboxylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 5-guanid ..

                                     

ⓘ 5-guanidino-2-oxopentanoate decarboxylase

In enzymology, a 5-guanidino-2-oxopentanoate decarboxylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

5-guanidino-2-oxo-pentanoate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-guanidinobutanal + CO 2

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 5-guanidino-2-oxo-pentanoate, and two products, 4-guanidinobutanal and CO 2.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 5-guanidino-2-oxo-pentanoate carboxy-lyase 4-guanidinobutanal-forming. Other names in common use include alpha-ketoarginine decarboxylase, and 2-oxo-5-guanidinopentanoate carboxy-lyase. It has 2 cofactors: thiamin diphosphate, and Divalent cation.

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