ⓘ JGR Class 7170
The Japanese Class 7170 steam locomotive was among the first trains to be used in Hokkaido, and was utilized alongside the JNR Class 7100 on the Horonai Railway.
The two tender locomotives that were to become the Class 7170 were purchased from the American Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1889, and were included into the numbering sequence of the six 7100 trains as numbers 7 and 8. Soon afterwards, the Horonai Railway came to be controlled by Hokuyūsha company president Murata Tsutsumi, who renamed them "First Murata" and "Second Murata" dai-ichi and dai-ni Murata. The two were later sold off by the Meiji government, which privatized sold a great many government endeavors.
Though originally numbered 8 & 9 upon their import from the United States, the two locomotives were re-numbered 9 & 10 upon their sale by the government-controlled Horonai Railway to the Hokkaido Colliery and Railway Company in 1889. The 1906 Railway Nationalization Act then incorporated the Hokkaido Colliery and Railway Company into the Japanese Government Railways. Three years later, legislation would formalize and standardize the numbering, establishing the Class 7170 as consisting of these two locomotives, dubbed 7170 and 7171. At this time, the chimneys were altered, and the forward sections of the steam rooms expanded.
Following the nationalization of the railways, in 1920 the two were sold to the Suttsu Railways, and re-numbered No. 1 and No. 2, serving Kutchan, Muroran, Asahikawa and Hakodate. Though they served their new purpose well, and were used extensively, one of the locomotives suffered an accidental collision on July 2, 1950, and was scrapped the following year.
The tender locomotives had their makers standard 2-6-0 1C axle positions. Like the 7100 series, they bore a diamond-shaped chimney and cow catcher in the older American style, but had straight-top boilers instead of wagon-top ones, and a steam-dome in the second boiler compartment. The furnace was located between the second and third driving wheels, which were 1.372 mm 54.0 in apart; the first and second driving wheels were 2.296 mm 90.4 in apart. Of the tenders three axles, the second and third were bogies.
2.1. Construction Main specifications
- Steam： 55.7 m 2 600 sq ft
- Cylinders： 356 mm × 457 mm 14.0 in × 18.0 in
- Boiler pressure： 7.71 kgf/cm 2 756 kPa; 109.7 psi
- Axle positions： 2-6-0 1C
- Total length： 13.005 mm 42 ft 8.0 in
- Furnace： 14.1 m 2 152 sq ft
- Fire lattice area： 1.06 m 2 11.4 sq ft
- Gauge: standard Stephenson gauge, American type
- Driving wheel diameter： 1.016 mm 40.0 in
- Total heat area： 69.8 m 2 751 sq ft
- Total height：3.696 mm 12 ft 1.5 in
- Water tank capacity： 4.22 m 3 149 cu ft
- Smaller pipes： 454.5 mm × 2.489 mm 17.89 in × 97.99 in 160 count
- Boiler capacity： 2.3 m 3 81 cu ft
- Tender operating weight：15.44 t 15.20 long tons; 17.02 short tons
- Driving wheel axle weight largest： 7.77 t 7.65 long tons; 8.56 short tons
- Driving wheel weight running： 20.12 t 19.80 long tons; 22.18 short tons
- Locomotive operating weight： 24.33 t 23.95 long tons; 26.82 short tons
- Tender weight empty： 8.43 t 8.30 long tons; 9.29 short tons
- Locomotive weight empty： 22.05 t 21.70 long tons; 24.31 short tons
- Fuel capacity： 1.88 t 1.85 long tons; 2.07 short tons
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