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Sky burial (disambiguation)

A sky burial is a Tibetan open-air excarnation funerary practice. Sky burial may also refer to: Dakhma, a Zoroastrian open-air excarnation funerary practice Sky Burial, a 2004 novel by Xue Xinran Space burial, a space-age funerary practice involv ...

Taphophobia

Fear of being buried alive is the fear of being placed in a grave while still alive as a result of being incorrectly pronounced dead. The abnormal, psychopathological version of this fear is referred to as taphophobia, which is translated as "fea ...

Terror management theory

Terror management theory is both a social and evolutionary psychology theory originally proposed by Jeff Greenberg, Sheldon Solomon, and Tom Pyszczynski and codified in their book The Worm at the Core: On the Role of Death in Life. It proposes th ...

Thanatosensitivity

Thanatosensitivity describes an epistemological-methodological approach into technological research and design that actively seeks to integrate the facts of mortality, dying, and death into traditional user-centered design. First coined by Michae ...

Thanatotranscriptome

The thanatotranscriptome denotes all RNA from the transcript of the part of genome still active or awakened in the internal organs of a dead body for 24 to 48 hours following the time of the death.

Thukdam

Thukdam is a meditative practice, practiced during the period of death of a Buddhist master, during that time they are absorbed in Clear Light Stage’, a process of inner dissolution of five elements and consciousness. As Sogyal Rinpoche describes ...

Twinless twin

A twinless twin, or lone twin, is a person whose twin has died. Twinless twins around the world unite through organizations and online groups to share support and the status as a twinless twin. Triplets, quadruplets and higher order multiples can ...

Weekend effect

In healthcare, the weekend effect is the finding of a difference in mortality rate for patients admitted to hospital for treatment at the weekend compared to those admitted on a weekday. The effects of the weekend on patient outcomes has been a c ...

Years of potential life lost

Years of potential life lost or potential years of life lost, is an estimate of the average years a person would have lived if he or she had not died prematurely. It is, therefore, a measure of premature mortality. As an alternative to death rate ...

Outline of life extension

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to life extension: Life extension – study of slowing down or reversing the processes of aging to extend both the maximum and average lifespan. Also known as anti-aging medicine ...

Anti-aging movement

The anti-aging movement is a social movement devoted to eliminating or reversing aging, or reducing the effects of it. A substantial portion of the attention of the movement is on the possibilities for life extension, but there is also interest i ...

Baopuzi

The Baopuzi, written by the Jin dynasty scholar Ge Hong 葛洪 in 283-343, is divided into esoteric Neipian 內篇 "Inner Chapters" and equally exoteric Waipian 外篇 "Outer Chapters". The Taoist Inner Chapters discuss topics such as techniques to ach ...

Bigu (grain avoidance)

Bigu is a Daoist fasting technique associated with achieving xian "transcendence; immortality". Grain avoidance is related to multifaceted Chinese cultural beliefs. For instance, bigu fasting was the common medical cure for expelling the sanshi ...

Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences

The Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences is a scientific award, funded by internet entrepreneurs: Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan of Facebook; Sergey Brin of Google; entrepreneur and venture capitalist Yuri Milner; and Anne Wojcicki, one of the ...

Chinese alchemical elixir poisoning

In Chinese alchemy, elixir poisoning refers to the toxic effects from elixirs of immortality that contained metals and minerals such as mercury and arsenic. The official Twenty-Four Histories record numerous Chinese emperors, nobles, and official ...

Cryonics

Cryonics is the low-temperature freezing and storage of a human corpse or severed head, with the speculative hope that resurrection may be possible in the future. Cryonics is regarded with skepticism within the mainstream scientific community. It ...

Digital immortality

Digital immortality is the hypothetical concept of storing a persons personality in more durable media, i.e., a computer. The result might look like an avatar behaving, reacting, and thinking like a person on the basis of that persons digital arc ...

Elixir of life

The elixir of life, also known as elixir of immortality and sometimes equated with the name philosophers stone, is a potion that supposedly grants the drinker eternal life and/or eternal youth. This elixir was also said to cure all diseases. Alch ...

Ending Aging

Ending Aging: The Rejuvenation Breakthroughs that Could Reverse Human Aging in Our Lifetime is a 2007 book written by Aubrey de Grey, a biomedical gerontologist, with his research assistant Michael Rae. Ending Aging describes de Greys proposal fo ...

Epigenetic clock

The strong effects of age on DNA methylation levels have been known since the late 1960s. A vast literature describes sets of CpGs whose DNA methylation levels correlate with age, e.g. The first robust demonstration that DNA methylation levels in ...

Evolution of ageing

Enquiry into the evolution of ageing aims to explain why survival, reproductive success, and functioning of almost all living organisms decline at old age. Leading hypotheses suggest that a combination of limited resources, and environmental caus ...

Fantastic Voyage: Live Long Enough to Live Forever

Fantastic Voyage: Live Long Enough to Live Forever, published in 2004, is a book authored by Ray Kurzweil and Terry Grossman. The basic premise of the book is that if middle aged people can live long enough, until approximately 120, they will be ...

Gerontechnology

Gerontechnology is an inter- and multidisciplinary academic and professional field combining gerontology and technology. Sustainability of an ageing society depends upon our effectiveness in creating technological environments, including assistiv ...

Gerontology

Gerontology is the study of the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of ageing. The word was coined by Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov in 1903, from the Greek γέρων, geron, "old man" and -λογία, -logia, "study of". The field i ...

Hayflick limit

The Hayflick limit, or Hayflick phenomenon, is the number of times a normal human cell population will divide before cell division stops. The concept of the Hayflick limit was advanced by American anatomist Leonard Hayflick in 1961, at the Wistar ...

Leonard Hayflick

Leonard Hayflick is a Professor of Anatomy at the UCSF School of Medicine, and was Professor of Medical Microbiology at Stanford University School of Medicine. He is a past president of the Gerontological Society of America and was a founding mem ...

Ifood

iFood contains nutritients in which some atoms are replaced with their heavier non-radioactive isotopes. Biomolecules that incorporate heavier isotopes give rise to more stable molecular structures with increased resistance to damages associated ...

Immortality

Immortality is eternal life, being exempt from death; unending existence. Some modern species may possess biological immortality. Certain scientists, futurists, and philosophers have theorized about the immortality of the human body, with some su ...

Life Extension Institute

The Life Extension Institute was an organization formed in the United States in 1913 with the philanthropic goal of prolonging human life through hygiene and disease prevention. Its organizational officers included many celebrity-philanthropists ...

Life Extension: A Practical Scientific Approach

Life Extension: A Practical Scientific Approach is a 1982 book by Durk Pearson and Sandy Shaw that popularized the life extension and smart drug movements. The authors promotes the theory that free radicals are a primary cause of aging and recomm ...

Longevity escape velocity

In the life extension movement, longevity escape velocity is a hypothetical situation in which life expectancy is extended longer than the time that is passing. For example, in a given year in which longevity escape velocity would be maintained, ...

Methuselah-like proteins

The Methuselah-like proteins are a family of G protein-coupled receptors found in insects that play a role in aging and reproduction. Antagonizing these receptors can extend the life span of the animal and make it more resistant to free radicals ...

Nicotinamide mononucleotide

Nicotinamide mononucleotide is a nucleotide derived from ribose and nicotinamide. Like nicotinamide riboside, NMN is a derivative of niacin, and humans have enzymes that can use NMN to generate nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. In mice, NMN ente ...

Rejuvenation

Rejuvenation is a medical discipline focused on the practical reversal of the aging process. Rejuvenation is distinct from life extension. Life extension strategies often study the causes of aging and try to oppose those causes in order to slow a ...

Rejuvenation Research

Rejuvenation Research is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Mary Ann Liebert that covers research on rejuvenation and biogerontology. The journal was established in 1998 and the editor-in-chief is Aubrey de Grey. It is the ...

Selection shadow

The selection shadow is a concept involved with the evolutionary theories of ageing that states that selection pressures on an individual decrease as an individual ages and passes sexual maturity, resulting in a "shadow" of time where selective f ...

Shangri-La

Shangri-La is a fictional place described in the 1933 novel Lost Horizon by British author James Hilton. Hilton describes Shangri-La as a mystical, harmonious valley, gently guided from a lamasery, enclosed in the western end of the Kunlun Mounta ...

Shijie (Taoism)

Shijie, which has numerous translations such as liberation from the corpse and release by means of a corpse, is an esoteric Daoist technique for an adept to transform into a xian, typically using some bureaucratic ruse to evade the netherworld ad ...

Shou (character)

As a sign for a resonant cultural concept, the character became a part of many Chinese names e.g. Palace of Tranquil Longevity in Beijing. The Japanese equivalent is Kotobuki 寿 see Nakajima Kotobuki, Tsukasa Kotobuki. See also Jurōjin Shou Laore ...

Shunamitism

Shunamitism is the practice of an old man sleeping with, but not necessarily having sex with, a young virgin to preserve his youth. The rationale was that the heat and moisture of the young woman would transfer to the old man and revitalize him. ...

Siming (deity)

Siming refers to a Chinese deity or deified functionary of that title who makes fine adjustments to human fate, with various English translations. Siming is both an abstract deity and a celestial asterism. Siming, as Director of Destinies, has th ...

Somatic cell nuclear transfer

In genetics and developmental biology, somatic cell nuclear transfer is a laboratory strategy for creating a viable embryo from a body cell and an egg cell. The technique consists of taking an enucleated oocyte and implanting a donor nucleus from ...

Stem-cell therapy

Stem-cell therapy is the use of stem cells to treat or prevent a disease or condition. Bone marrow transplant is the most widely used stem-cell therapy, but some therapies derived from umbilical cord blood are also in use. Research is underway to ...

Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence

Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence is the term coined by British biogerontologist Aubrey de Grey for the diverse range of regenerative medical therapies, either planned or currently in development, for the periodical repair of all ag ...

What the Dead Men Say

What the Dead Men Say is a science fiction novella by American writer Philip K. Dick, first published in Worlds of Tomorrow magazine in June 1964. The manuscript, originally titled "Man With a Broken Match", was received by Dicks agent on 15 Apri ...

Xenotransplantation

Xenotransplantation, or heterologous transplant is the transplantation of living cells, tissues or organs from one species to another. Such cells, tissues or organs are called xenografts or xenotransplants. It is contrasted with allotransplantati ...

Xian (Taoism)

Xian is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable into English as: in Daoist religion and pantheon physically immortal; immortal person; immortalist; saint or by extension alchemical, dietary, or qigong methods for attaining immortal ...

Coda (comics)

Code a group of fictional women warriors in the Storm of the comics. The code first appeared in WildC.And.T.With. volume #1 and was created by Brandon Choi and Jim Lee.

Cosmic entity (Marvel Comics)

Cosmic entities, also referred to as cosmic beings, are a type of fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. They possess power on a universal, multiversal or even omniversal level, far beyond those of human ...

CryptoKitties

CryptoKitties is a blockchain game on Ethereum developed by Axiom Zen that allows players to purchase, collect, breed and sell virtual cats. It is one of the earliest attempts to deploy blockchain technology for recreation and leisure. The games ...