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CED9 (gene)

Cell death abnormality gene 9, also known as a regulator of apoptosis CED-9 gene found in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, which suppresses / inhibits programmed cell death. The gene was discovered during the search of mutations in the path o ...

Sel-12

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans SEL-12 gene encodes a multipass transmembrane domain protein, which is similar to human presenilins. Sal-12 positively regulates Lin-12 and GLP-1 notch signaling pathways during hermaphrodite gonadal, vulval de ...

HhMAN1

HhMAN1 gene in the genome of Hypothenemus hampei, and.to.and. Coffee of the borer beetle, which codes for mannanase, the enzyme used to digest galactomannan, a complex polysaccharide, which is contained in coffee beans. Because mannanase is not o ...

M33 (gene)

M33 is a Gene. It is a homologue of mammalian, Drosophila polycomb. It localizes to euchromatin within interphase nuclei, but it is enriched in pericentromeric heterochromatin of chromosomes metaphase chromosomes. In mice, the official symbol of ...

MYH16 gene

The MYH16 gene encodes a protein called the myosin heavy chain 16 which is a muscle protein in mammals. At least in primates, is a specialized muscle protein found only in the temporal and masseter muscle of the jaw. The proteins myosin heavy cha ...

Chelicerae

The chelicerae are mouthparts of the apparatus Elizarovykh, like the arthropod group that includes spiders, horseshoe crabs and sea spiders. Commonly referred to as "Jaws", some chelicerae, for example, in spiders, are hollow and contain venom gl ...

Opisthosoma

On opisthosoma is the rear part of the body of some arthropods, behind the prosoma. This is a distinctive feature of the subphylum Chelicerata. Although it is similar in many respects on the abdomen, opisthosoma differentialsa in its inclusion of ...

Peltidium

Peltidium is prodorsal shield found in animals of the Subphylum Chelicerata in the phylum Arthropoda. In some groups peltidium, also known as schizopeltid can be divided in: propeltidium, a carapace-like shield that covers proterosoma, which comp ...

Brood pouch (Peracarida)

In a marsupium or brood pouch, is a characteristic feature of Peracarida, including the orders Amphipoda, Isopoda crustacea, Cladocera and Cumacea. This is the egg chamber formed by the oostegites, which are appendages that are attached to the fe ...

Caudal ramus

The caudal Ramus is a characteristic feature of primitive crustaceans. Located on the anal somite, caudal branches of the pair of appendage or spine-like protrusions. Specific structures which are rod or blade-like caudal called Fourka.

Decapod anatomy

Among decapod crustaceans, such as crabs, lobster, shrimp or prawn, is made up of 20 body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the PLEON. Each segment may possess one pair of appendages, although in various groups may ...

Hepatic caecum

Liver or hepatic cecum the cecum is a name used to describe the various physiological structures in some crustaceans, insects, and cephalochordates. "Hepatic" refers to the liver and the blind can perform some functions similar to functions of li ...

Stomatogastric ganglion

In the stomatogastric ganglion is a lot of studying ganglion is found in arthropods and has been extensively studied in decapod crustaceans. It is part of the stomatogastric nervous system.

Uropod

Uropods often defined as appendages of the last segment of the body of the shrimp. The alternative definition proposed by R. Frederick scar limits the term to those structures arising from a segment to the anal segment in the segment which bears ...

Anal cell

Anal cell of the hind components of insect wings, for example, in Diptera. Cells, in the case of the wing of an insect, is the Central area surrounded by veins. It can be closed or open veins.

Arista (insect anatomy)

In insect anatomy the Arista is a simple or different modified apical or sub-apical bristle arising from the third segment of the antennae. It is the evolutionary remains of antennal segments, and may sometimes show signs of segmentation. These s ...

Bacteriome

In a bacteriome is a specialized organ, found mainly in some insects, that hosts endosymbiotic bacteria. Bacteriomes contain specialized cells, called bacteriocytes, which provide nutrients and shelter for bacteria, protecting the owner of the an ...

Biological screw joint

The biological screw joint is a natural the form of a screw connection, a mechanical device that combines rotational motion with a single axis of translation. Alexander Riedel of the State Museum of natural history in Karlsruhe and Thomas van de ...

Blood gill

Blood Jill-Jill-like structure, is limited to organs with a large lumen and is poorly developed / absent trachea, found in the larvae of aquatic insects. Specific research questions the functionality of gills for breathing, and comes to the concl ...

Brochosome

Brochosomes are inextricably structured microscopic granules secreted and leafhoppers, usually located on the body surface and, more rarely, eggs. Brochosomes were first described in 1952 with the help of electron microscope. Brochosomes are hydr ...

Calypter

In a calypter is either of two lateral lobes of the hind edge of the forewing of flies between the extreme rear of the wing base and the Alula, which covers the halteres. The lower calypter is the proximal calypter synonyms: scales some authors, ...

Cenchrus (insect anatomy)

In cenchrus is a specialized anatomical structure in the insect group known as sawflies. In the cenchri are small blister like lobes on the metanotum of these insects, just posterior to the mesothoracic scutellum, shape, and located so that the l ...

Cervix (insect anatomy)

Cervical insects membrane, which separates the head from the thorax and consists of structures on both sides. A pair of lateral cervical sclerites are embedded in the cervix.

Clypeus (arthropod anatomy)

The clypeus is one of the sclerites that make up the "face" of arthropods. In insects, the clypeus limit the lower boundary of the face, with labrum articulated along the ventral edge of the clypeus. The mandibles bracket the labrum, but do not t ...

Corium (entomology)

The corium is the thickened, leathery, basal part of the wing or hemelytron of insects in the Hemiptera order. Specifically, the internal cells of the basal part of the corium. Butterfly winged water bugs are modified into hemelytra singular, hem ...

Cornicle

In cornicle is one of a pair of small vertical backward-pointing tube on the dorsal side of the 5th or 6th segments of the abdomen of aphids. They are sometimes mistaken for cerci. They are nothing more than the pores in some species. These tubes ...

Cryptonephridium

In anatomy of an insect, cryptonephridium structure is present in most larvae of Lepidoptera and other insects inhabiting the relatively arid conditions. In malpighian tubules is not free in the hemocele, but is tied to the wall of the rectum due ...

Cucullus

Cucullus may refer to: The hood over the head of the Ricinulei spider. Synonym cone snails, a genus of predatory sea snails. The Latin word with reference to the bonnet of clothes to the cucullus not facit monachum the cowl does not make the monk ...

Morphology of Diptera

These Diptera is a very large and diverse order of mainly small and medium-sized insects. They have a convex compound eyes on movable head, and one pair of functional, membraneous wings, which are attached to the mesothorax complex. The second pa ...

Elytron

The elytra is a modified, hardened forewings of certain insect orders, particularly beetles and bugs, most bugs, butterfly instead called hemelytra, as only the basal half is thickened while the apex membranous. The elytra are sometimes also refe ...

Exuviae

In biology, exuviae remains of an exoskeleton and related structures that are left after ecdysozoans have Linnich. In exuviae of an animal can be important to biologists as they can often be used to identify the species of the animal and even its ...

Gaster (insect anatomy)

The Gaster is the bulbous rear part of the metasoma found in Apocrita Hymenoptera suborder. This begins with abdominal segment III on most ants, but some do constricted postpetiole out of segment III, in this case the Gaster begins with abdominal ...

Halteres

Halteres are a pair of small club-shaped organs on the body of two orders of flying insects, which provide information about body rotation during flight. Examples of insects with halteres, a few flies, mosquitoes, midges, and craneflies. Halteres ...

Insect mouthparts

Insects have a range of mouthparts, adapted to particular modes of feeding. The earliest insects with chewing mouthparts. Specialization mainly for piercing and sucking, Although there are a number of specializations, as these modes of feeding ha ...

Labellum (insect anatomy)

In entomology, the term lip has been applied in different and partly contradictory ways. One use is in referring to the tightening of the upper lip that covers the base of rostrum in Coleoptera and some Hemiptera. On the contrary, the most common ...

Lateral horn of insect brain

The lateral horn is one of two areas of the brain of insects, where projection neurons of the antennal lobe send their axons. The other area is the mushroom bodies. Several morphological classes of neurons of lateral horns receive olfactory infor ...

Mandible (insect mouthpart)

Insect mandibles are a pair of appendages in insects, the mouth and the most anterior of the three pairs of oral appendages. Their function is typically to grasp, crush, or cut the insects food, or protection from predators or rivals. The mandibl ...

Mesothorax

On the mesothorax is the middle of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the second pair of legs. Its principal sclerites are sredniki in the mesosternum and mesopleuron on each side. On the mesothorax is the segment that bears ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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