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Flybuys (Australia)

flybuys is an Australian loyalty program owned and operated by Coles, with the main participating retail outlets being Coles Supermarkets, Coles Express, Kmart, Liquorland, First Choice Liquor and Target stores. It is one of Australias largest lo ...

HTK Ltd

HTK Limited is a UK, software-as-a-service, company that develops solutions for the global customer loyalty market. Its products, primarily the cloud-based Horizon Loyalty Hub, enable companies to mine enormous amounts of data and derive key insi ...

The Ice Organisation

The Ice Organisation was a UK Loyalty programme. Ice promoted brands, goods and services that are more sustainable, with the aim of mitigating climate change through mass consumer purchase power. Like other loyalty schemes, customers were rewarde ...

Kachingo

Kachingo was a short-lived "card free" customer rewards programme in New Zealand. Every time a customer spent over a certain amount at any one the participating retail outlets the customer would receive a ticket with a Game Line on it, and could ...

KTX Family Card

In the 1980s, the National Railroad Administration started to issue Railroad Membership Cards. This membership card only had a 10-digit membership number on it, this type of card is widely used until 1998. In 1998, quick-ticket machines and a new ...

LoyaltyOne

LoyaltyOne, Co. provides loyalty marketing services to enterprises in retail, financial services, grocery, petroleum retail, travel, and hospitality sectors globally. Under the Alliance Data umbrella, it offer services in coalition loyalty progra ...

Magsformiles

MagsforMiles, a program run by CAP Systems, allows people to redeem frequent flyer miles for magazine subscriptions. Members of frequent flyer programs with an active, positive mileage balance may receive direct mail informing them of the opportu ...

Maritz, LLC

Maritz is a sales and marketing services company that designs and operates employee recognition and reward programs, sales channel incentive programs, and customer loyalty programs. It also plans corporate trade shows, meetings and events, and of ...

My Nintendo

My Nintendo is a loyalty program provided by Nintendo and the successor to Club Nintendo. The system rewards allows players to earn points from using software or purchasing games, which can then be spent on rewards such as digital games or discou ...

Nectar loyalty card

Nectar is a loyalty card scheme in the United Kingdom, run by Nectar 360 Ltd. The scheme is the largest in the United Kingdom, and comprises a number of partner companies including Sainsburys, Esso and eBay. It launched in 2002 with initially fou ...

Plenti

Plenti was a rewards program created by American Express in 2015; the program ended in 2018. Plenti enabled users to earn points at one retailer and use them at another retailer enrolled in the program.

Spring Rewards

Spring Rewards also referred to as Spring is a card-linked loyalty program that provides money back on a customers credit or debit card on purchases at restaurants, salons, boutiques, bars, spas, and service centers. The program launched in Chica ...

Tesco Clubcard

Tesco Clubcard is the loyalty card of British supermarket chain Tesco. The Clubcard scheme operates in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland and several other countries, and as of 2017 it has over 17 million users ...

Together for Trees

Together for Trees is an environmental campaign to help protect the rain forests around the world from deforestation which is a major cause of climate change. The campaign is the result of a partnership between Tesco and the RSPB. It was first pu ...

Woolworths Rewards

Woolworths Rewards is a loyalty program owned and operated in Australia by Woolworths Group. The principal participant in the program is Woolworths supermarkets, Big W, BWS and Caltex. Members can earn one point for every dollar spent at particip ...

WorldCard

WorldCard is a consumer loyalty network which operates out of Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong. It unites individual membership programs of Star Cruises, Genting Group, Awana Resorts, Suntec City Mall, F&B group King Parrot, Jurong Point Sho ...

Direct selling

Direct selling consists of two main business models: single-level marketing, in which a direct seller makes money by buying products from a parent organization and selling them directly to customers, and multi-level marketing, in which the direct ...

Direct Selling Association

The Direct Selling Association is the name of several similar trade associations in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, and New Zealand that represent direct selling companies, primarily those that use multi-level m ...

The Longaberger Company

The Longaberger Company is an American manufacturer and distributor of handcrafted maple wood baskets and other home and lifestyle products. Its old corporate headquarters on Ohios State Route 16 is a local landmark and a well-known example of no ...

Home video

Home video is pre-recorded video media that is either sold, rented at a video rental store or streamed for home entertainment. It is a type of home media. The term originates from the VHS/Betamax era, when the predominant medium was videotape, bu ...

Instant Replay (magazine-format video)

Instant Replay was the first magazine-format, direct-to-video program for home-video consumers. Established by Miami, Florida, entrepreneur Chuck Azar in 1977, and released on VHS and Beta-format videocassettes through 1982, it contained segments ...

Video nasty

Video nasty is a colloquial term in the United Kingdom to refer to a number of films distributed on video cassette that were criticised for their violent content by the press, social commentators and various religious organisations. The term was ...

Video mixtape

A video mixtape is a stock footage movie consisting of clips from movies, television or home videos that are generally circulated as bootleg videos. Also called party tapes or video compilations, this phenomenon comes from the days of Betamax and ...

Video Recordings Act 1984

The Video Recordings Act 1984 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was passed in 1984. It states that commercial video recordings offered for sale for hire within the UK must carry a classification that has been agreed upon by a ...

Video Recordings Act 2010

The Video Recordings Act 2010 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that received Royal Assent on 21 January 2010. The Act repealed and then brought back into force parts of the Video Recordings Act 1984 which related to the regulatio ...

Newsagents shop

A newsagents shop or simply newsagents, newsagency or newsstand is a business that sells newspapers, magazines, cigarettes, snacks and often items of local interest. In Britain, Ireland and Australia, these businesses are termed newsagents. Newsa ...

Compulsory cartel

A compulsory cartel or forced cartel is a cartel that is established or maintained by an administrative order or by a legal directive. The interference of policies on these associations of entrepreneurs of the same trade varied. It ranged from a ...

Comptoir Metallurgique de Longwy

The Comptoir Metallurgique de Longwy was a cartel of iron smelters seated in Longwy, a town in Lorraine, department Meurthe-et-Moselle, France. In a narrower sense of the term, the Comptoir de Longwy’ was only the ’sales agency’’ of the respectiv ...

Hostmen of Newcastle upon Tyne

The Hostmen of Newcastle upon Tyne were a cartel of businessmen who formed a monopoly to control the export of coal from the River Tyne in North East England. They were so known from the medieval practice of "hosting", whereby local businessmen p ...

Hudson River Steamboat Association

The Hudson River Steamboat Association was a cartel that operated passenger steamboats on the Hudson River in the U.S. state of New York from 1832 to 1843. It successfully monopolized passenger steamboat traffic on the river between New York City ...

International Rail Makers Association

The International Rail Makers Association was a cartel for the export of rail profiles that existed between 1883 and the Second World War.

Marine hose cartel

The marine hose cartel was a cartel of six international suppliers of marine hoses. The cartel existed at least from 1986 and was uncovered in 2006, when one of the member companies provided information to authorities. The cartel operated by pric ...

Phoebus cartel

The Phoebus cartel existed to control the manufacture and sale of incandescent light bulbs. They appropriated market territories and fixed the useful life of such bulbs. Corporations based in Europe and America founded the cartel on January 15, 1 ...

Two Airlines Policy

The Two Airlines Policy was a policy of Australian federal governments from the late 1940s to the 1990s. Under the policy, only two airlines were allowed to operate flights between state capital cities and between capitals and nominated regional ...

Christmas Price Index

The Christmas Price Index is a tongue-in-cheek economic indicator, maintained by the U.S. bank PNC Wealth Management, which tracks the cost of the items in the carol "The Twelve Days of Christmas".

Consumer price index

A Consumer Price Index measures changes in the price level of a weighted average market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households. The CPI is a statistical estimate constructed using the prices of a sample of representative it ...

Cost-of-living index

A cost-of-living index is a theoretical price index that measures relative cost of living over time or regions. It is an index that measures differences in the price of goods and services, and allows for substitutions with other items as prices v ...

GDP deflator

In economics, the GDP deflator is a measure of the level of prices of all new, domestically produced, final goods and services in an economy in a year. GDP stands for gross domestic product, the total monetary value of all final goods and service ...

Internet Domain Name Index

Internet Domain Name Index is a price index for Internet domain names that tracks changes in the value of domains at the aggregate level. The index builds on the premise that domain names are comparable to developable land. Domains are seen as "l ...

Market facilitation index

The Market Facilitation Index is the creation of Bill Williams. The indicator endeavors to establish the effectiveness of price movement by computing the price movement per volume unit. This is accomplished by subtracting the days low from the hi ...

Personal consumption expenditures price index

The personal consumption expenditure measure is the component statistic for consumption in gross domestic product collected by the United States Bureau of Economic Analysis. It consists of the actual and imputed expenditures of households and inc ...

Producer price index

A producer price index is a price index that measures the average changes in prices received by domestic producers for their output. Its importance is being undermined by the steady decline in manufactured goods as a share of spending.

Substitution bias

Substitution bias describes a possible bias in economic index numbers if they do not incorporate data on consumer expenditures switching from relatively more expensive products to cheaper ones as prices changed. Substitution bias occurs when pric ...

Upstream capital costs index

The upstream capital costs index, formally known as IHS/CERA upstream capital costs index, is a proprietary index of the rate of inflation seen in the costs associated with the construction of a global portfolio of 28 upstream oil and gas project ...

Bonus

Bonus is an Icelandic no-frills supermarket chain owned by Hagar. Bonus operates 31 stores in Iceland and seven in the Faroe Islands. It follows the no-frills format of limited hours, simple shelves and having a giant fridge instead of chiller ca ...

US Mobile Tolling Platforms

On roadways around the United States, Radio-frequency identification transponders, supporting transceivers, antennas, and video cameras are the current standard for the collection of toll fees. This technology was invented during the 1970s and wa ...

Addis Ababa–Adama Expressway

The Addis Ababa–Adama Expressway is a toll road that connects Addis Ababa to Adama. It is the first expressway in Ethiopia. The road was built between 2010 and 2014 by the China Communications Construction Company. The government opened the highw ...

Attiki Odos

Attiki Odos is a privately owned toll motorway system in Greece. The Attiki Odos motorways form the outer beltways of the Greater Athens metropolitan area. The total length of the motorways is 65 kilometres. The Attiki Odos system consists of the ...

Autoroutes of Morocco

Morocco s network of Motorways is administered by the state-owned company Autoroutes du Maroc. It runs the network on a pay-per-use basis, with toll stations placed along its length. The general speed-limit is 120 km/h.

Barrier toll system

A barrier toll system is a method of collecting tolls on highways using toll barriers at regularly spaced intervals on the toll roads mainline. Motorists are typically charged a flat-rate toll, unlike toll roads with a ticket system where the tol ...